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Season: All year. In Magma UNESCO Global Geopark, you will experience geology, cultural history and extraordinary nature. The geology in Sokndal, Eigersund, Bjerkreim and Lund is special, and has a characteristic landscape. Geological processes taking place 935 – 920 millions of years ago have left behind an astonishing geological heritage not to be found elsewhere. The Geopark is member of the European network; European Geoparks Network and is the second geopark in Scandinavia. In Magma UNESCO Geopark, you can experience activities related to recreation, geology, cultural history and family activities. The park stretches from from Lund, Eigersund, Sokndal to Flekkefjord, and covers an area of 2,320 km2. The history of the park started some 1,5 billion years ago, when red, hot magma and sky high mountains characterised the area. Through millions of years, the glaciers shaped the characteristic landscape that you see here today. In other words, Magma UNESCO Geopark is a window into the core of the earth.
Created by the past, experienced today, maintained for the future. A geopark is a geologically important area with a strategy for sustainable development. To receive the status as a geopark, the area needs to show how the geological preconditions have affected biological variety, agriculture, settlements, industrial growth, communications and culture in this region. European Geopark Network and UNESCO must approve an area for the geopark status. An area that is approved as a European Geopark will automatically be included in UNESCO’s Global Network of Geoparks. The park was member of the Global network in 2014, and has scientifically documented that the geology in Magma is of European significance. The most special feature in Magma UNESCO Geopark is the characteristic moon landscape consisting of the rock anorthosite. This landscape has affected the culture and the way of life for centuries. You actually need to travel all the way to the moon to find similar geology. Geologists have visited the area for more than 100 years, and there has been productions of more than 350 scientific geological excavations from here. Geological resources such as iron ore have been, and still are an important economic factor to this area. You can see the connection between variations in the geological foundation and important parts of the development of society. Having the geology as a starting point, you can learn much about settlements, agriculture, industry and culture.